In 1963, The Beatles’ first song, “From Me to You,” hit the UK charts. Mickey Mantle knocked a baseball out of Yankee Stadium. And “The Judy Garland Show” debuted on the CBS network. But for African-Americans who endured that tumultuous year the memories were often rooted in fear, coercion and intimidation.
In 1963, segregationists clashed — sometimes violently — with blacks and those who supported their civil rights. African-Americans fought firehoses, corrupt cops and Ku Klux Klan crucifixions.
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